We’ve all been there. Why does this happen? Can we reduce this? What can we do at home to help?!
Discoloured teeth can happen to anyone depending on a number of things like genetics, environment, trauma and poor hygiene. We all go through that stage in our lives where we question the colour of our teeth so let’s take a closer look at this topic further.
Sometimes tooth discolouration can be normal over time and not harmful. Remember no one is born with pearly white perfect teeth. Discolouration can show as white streaks, yellow tinge or even brown spots.
Firstly, there a few different types of discolouration. One is Extrinsic which means that the outer layer of the tooth known as the enamel becomes stained. This can happen by certain foods or drinks such as coffee, wine, tea, certain fruits or vegetables, smoking and poor oral hygiene. The second type is called Intrinsic which is when the dentin which is the internal structure of the tooth becomes darker or has a yellow tinge.
Discolouration also occurs with age as well. Your enamel gets thinner over the years and your dentin yellows over time which is what shows through.
When you visit your dentist about discolouration, no special tests need to be done to diagnose this. Your dentist can just look at your teeth to know you have discolouration. You do have a few options to choose from when you visit your dentist. Regular scale and cleans can help reduce stains, especially coffee or tea stains. A good option would be an in-chair teeth whitening treatment. This is when a hydrogen peroxide gel is carefully applied to your teeth by your dentist and a blue LED light shine over it. This process can whiten your teeth up to 8 shades lighter.
Now what can we do at home to at least not contribute to yellow stained teeth! Good question.
Let’s start with oral hygiene. Brush those teeth twice a day for 2 minutes each time and don’t forget to floss in between! Plaque and tartar build up can make your teeth look yellow. When drinking anything that is renowned for staining teeth such as coffee or wine, try rinsing your mouth out with water straight after. You can also use whitening toothpastes that you can buy over the counter, but they remove very minor stains.
If you have Intrinsic stains, these sadly wont go away with whitening treatments or teeth cleans done by your dentist. Your only option would be to get Veneers, or a crown done. These can be costly, but the results are great as your dentist can colour match and you can get the desired shade of white by also getting whitening done prior to getting a veneer done. Intrinsic stains are more complicated to remove but its still achievable.
Go to your local dentist in Melbourne CBD so you can finally get that white smile you’ve always wanted to get!