Dental Crowns – How to Restore Your Damaged Teeth
What are Dental Crowns?
Dental crowns are a type of dental restoration used to improve the strength, function, and appearance of a tooth. To do so, a tooth-shaped cap, also known as a crown, is simply cemented onto a damaged tooth to cover and prevent further damage.
Crowns are often needed when a severe cavity threatens the health of a tooth. However, crowns can also be used to cosmetically enhance and augment teeth by improving their shape, colour and alignment.
Other reasons a dentist may recommend crowns are:
1) To replace a large filling when there is not enough tooth remaining
2) To protect a damaged tooth from fracturing
3) To restore a fractured tooth
4) Attach a bridge
5) Cover a discoloured or poorly shaped tooth
6) Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment
Types of Dental Crowns
Crowns are commonly made by taking an impression of the tooth or teeth that need to be restored. Yet, there are four types of materials that can be used to fabricate them.
1) All ceramic (porcelain-based).
This type of crown is normally used for front teeth since the properties of porcelain allow crowns to easily blend with your natural teeth. Additionally, ceramic crowns can be given colour to perfectly match neighbouring teeth. One of the disadvantages of porcelain-based crowns is that they are not suitable for molar or premolars as they can brittle under heavy biting forces.
2) Porcelain fused to metal.
Similar to ceramic crowns, this type of crown achieves a natural tooth look due to the texture and colour of porcelain, yet it’s ultra-durable due to its metal structure. To install this type of crown a dentist must remove a reasonable amount of tooth structure.
3) Gold alloys.
A gold alloys crown is exceptionally durable as it combines gold, copper and a range of other metals. They do not fracture and will not wear away the underlying tooth. Additionally, gold alloy crowns are highly biocompatible with gum tissue.
4) Base metal alloys.
Metal alloys dental crowns are extremely long-lasting and resistant to corrosion. Also, they are gentle against neighbouring teeth as they are made of non-noble metals. To apply this type of crown a dentist only have to remove a small quantity of tooth structure.
How to take care of dental crowns?
After a crown application, your damaged tooth will be restored; however, a crowned tooth is not protected from gum disease or decay. This is due to the underlying tooth and root structures are still vulnerable to cavities. Therefore, good oral hygiene is still required after a dental crown application.
To maintain gums and teeth healthy brushing at least twice a day and rinsing with mouthwash at least once a day is required. Flossing around the crown area where the gum meets the tooth on a daily basis is also recommended.
Lastly, to prevent damaging crowns or avoid any chips occurring you could avoid chewing hard foods such as ice.
What are the benefits of Dental Crown?
As you might know, a broken tooth or tooth decay can have harmful effects on your oral health. Tooth decay produces bacteria that damages both your teeth and gums and if untreated can lead to tooth loss. With dental crowns, a dentist can improve your oral health by restoring your damaged teeth and preventing further damage without the need for tooth extraction.
Additionally, there are other several benefits of dental crowns. These are:
– Strengthening both your teeth and bite.
– Improving your chewing function by eliminating unnecessary wear and tear.
– Improving your self-confidence by creating a nicer smile.
To learn more about crown treatments at Gorgeous Smiles visit our dentists in Melbourne